Searching for coins or artifacts in soil by a metal detector is a relatively new but gaining popularity kind of hobby.
This fascinating hobby makes you feel like a real treasure hunter, and sometimes the finds can be profitably sold.
But you should know that it is important to make the right choice of a metal detector initially to prevent disappointment.
There are 5 proven metal detectors below that will be perfect for a beginner.
Top 5 Beginner Metal Detectors 2020
1. Garrett ACE 300
2. Fisher F22
3. Bounty Hunter TK4 Tracker IV
4. Garrett Ace 400
5. Minelab X-TERRA 305
- Top 5 Beginner Metal Detectors 2020
- 1. Garrett ACE 300 Metal Detector – Optimal Combination Of Features
- 2. Fisher F22 Metal Detector – Best For Extreme Conditions
- 3. Bounty Hunter TK4 Tracker IV – Most Affordable Option
- 4. Garrett Ace 400 Metal Detector – The Most Feature Rich
- 5. Minelab X-TERRA 305 – Famous Universal Tool
- Guidelines for Choosing the Best Metal Detector for Beginners
- Frequently Asked Questions
Below is a list of the best metal detectors for beginners.
1. Garrett ACE 300 Metal Detector – Optimal Combination Of Features
The discrimination scale of the detector shows the VDI values, which range from 0 to 99 and divided into 12 sectors.
Small numbers (under 45) correspond to a group of finds containing iron or steel. Values closer to 90 show non-ferrous metals.
You can exclude any values manually for searching selected metals only. The tone identification function allows you to determine a type of metal aurally. It is also possible to set a filter to ignore metal trash, such as bottle caps.
A cover for the search coil, a cover for the control box, and headphones are included in the package.
2. Fisher F22 Metal Detector – Best For Extreme Conditions
This is an important feature because metal detecting usually takes place outdoor, and the weather is often unpredictable.
You can also easily do a search in shallow water or at a depth of about 2 meters underwater by this device. The weight of 2,2 lbs makes working with the detector simple and comfortable.
The F22 is equipped with a 9-inch drop-shaped submersible search coil. This unusual shape allows you to use a tool among the roots of trees, in the corners of stone foundations, and other hard-to-reach spots.
The model has a straightforward, intuitive interface. Three pre-installed modes are for searching jewelry, coin, and artifacts of ferrous and non-ferrous metal. You can adjust the sensitivity and selectivity manually also.
The display shows the depth of an object and the scale of exceptions. The tool runs on 2 AA batteries. It’s enough for 25 hours of operation.
3. Bounty Hunter TK4 Tracker IV – Most Affordable Option
It will be suitable for those who would like to try out treasure hunting with a limited budget.
The operating frequency of Tracker IV is 6.7 kHz. It can detect a coin on the depth of 8 inches and a military helmet on the depth of 35 inches.
There are two rotary controls on the front panel. The left one is used to configure a sensitivity and the right one for adjusting discrimination. There is a goal indicator between them.
The display is very simplistic and a bit old-styled. Therefore, this tool is just right for fans of such an old-school style. You can read our in-depth review of the Bounty Hunter TK4 Tracker IV here.
4. Garrett Ace 400 Metal Detector – The Most Feature Rich
Garrett Ace 400 detects even very small objects made of precious metals: gold, silver, bronze.
You can determine the projection of the target location with an accuracy of a half an inch by the pinpoint mode. And the vertical scale in the right corner of the screen helps to establish the approximate depth of a goal.
There are 5 preset modes. Modes differ from each other in the ratio of sensitivity and discrimination settings. You can quickly exclude trash after finding a bottle cap. You should move a coil above the object and press the exclusion button.
One more key feature of ACE 400 is the waterproof PROformance professional search coil. The element is made of an innovative plastic and a special compound filling of a sole.
In addition, the package includes a protective case. Such a detector is not afraid of random strokes, getting wet in the rain, and walking along the coast.
You can read our in-depth review of the Garrett Ace 400 here.
5. Minelab X-TERRA 305 – Famous Universal Tool
A distinctive feature of this device is two operating frequencies: 7.5 kHz and 18.75 kHz. The low frequency penetrates deep into the soil and allows you to find objects at great depths. High frequency is able to find the smallest pieces of metal.
The tool has a manual setting to the ground balance. There are a lot of the remains of various metal trash, minerals with different electrical conductivity, brick, ceramics, and other shards in the ground. X-Terra 305 allows you to adjust the detector from soil interference and conduct a search with a maximum detection depth.
There is also a detuning from electrical noise. It will be necessary when you will have to work closely with other metal detectors, in the attic, in the basement, at the gathering of treasure hunters or near the power line.
Guidelines for Choosing the Best Metal Detector for Beginners
The great variety and many unclear functions of top rated metal detectors sometimes put novices at a standstill. It can be challenging to distinguish between the main features and the secondary ones without special knowledge. You should give high priority to the points below when choosing your first metal detector.
It indicates a number of electric waves that the device emits. Frequency determines the ability of a device to passage into deep layers of the soil and notice targets.
All detectors are classified by frequency:
- Up to 2.5 kHz. They are the least effective and able to recognize only massive objects that lay not deep under the ground;
- Up to 7 kHz. They do not have a high sensitivity but capable of searching at a depth up to 3 ft. It is quite suitable for people who have chosen the search for metals as a hobby.
- Up to 20 kHz. They relate to semi-professional devices and able to recognize non-ferrous metals.
- Multifrequency. They are used by professionals and have many features and settings. The high cost distinguishes such detectors. However, in skilled hands, they quickly pay off.
Often beginners make a mistake when they choose a detector by the maximum depth of signal penetration. This characteristic does not provide complete information. You can be disappointed when you’ll start to dig and will find an aluminum can at a depth of 10 ft. An essential function of a detector is discrimination or selectivity.
The term “discrimination” means exclusion for objects that are undesirable for detection based on their electric conductivity. As a rule, the discriminator is displayed graphically on the screen and divided into several segments.
The more of these segments the model has, the more accurately you can narrow your search. Owing to discrimination, ferrous metal can be distinguished from non-ferrous one, and this allows you to detect more valuable objects. Thus, it is possible to exclude iron and aluminum objects from the search and focus on finding only jewelry made of gold and silver.
Numerical VDI or Target-ID is displayed on some digital devices. VDI value will more accurately show what kind of metal you have found. At first, you look at the discriminator. Then at the VDI value and after that, you decide whether to dig or to pass it by.
If the discriminator has less than 10 segments, the VDI value will be the weighty argument prompting to start digging. Not every tool has this function, but it significantly increases the comfort and productivity of a search.
Size and Shape of a Search Coil
There is no universal coil for a metal detector. Different coils are suitable for each specific place and purpose. For example, large ones that can cover a large area will not bring success in places with lots of metal trash. It’s convenient to work with small “snipers” in such a place.
For search at a depth, typically, a concentric (mono) type of a coil is used. Another type, Double-D (DD), works best at a shallower depth, but it can cover a noticeably larger area. Such a coil is effective by working with highly electrically charged soil.
There are advanced smart coils that are universal and able to adapt to any situation. In any case, it is always convenient to have an additional replaceable coil on hand.
Pinpoint Mode or Static Search Mode
This function determines the exact location of the goal. Pinpoint option simplifies the process of extracting an artifact from the ground and ensures that you do not damage it with a shovel. It helps to save energy and begin to dig up the target in the right place.
In pinpoint mode, the detector works without discrimination. This feature is essential for digital devices that have a slow response from the target. Analog detectors have an extremely fast response from the target. That’s why many of them are not equipped with such a function.
A circuit of identification by sound is arranged in its own way in every metal detector. In fact, the sound is a primary source for us because we hear it first, and then we look at the display.
Sound can inform us about the different properties of an object. We can find out the conductivity of the found metal by the tone of a sound. Low sound can point on ferrous metal; we can pass it by. High-pitched sound says that it can be something more interesting.
The setting of sound identification is purely individual. You should set it at your convenience. Do not change the settings too often, as the human brain gets used to certain signals, and a picture of sound models of certain targets will be already formed in your head. With the gain of experience, you will be able to determine the meaning of a sound as soon as you hear it.
This function reduces the number of false positives from the electrically charged soils. Some devices have a factory preset of the ground balance. This setting is very rough. As a result, we have a tool that works steadily on almost any ground, but it’s inferior by the depth of signal penetration to detectors without fixed settings.
The best choice for a beginner is a model with an automatic configuration. Manual configuration is necessary only for professionals in individual cases.
Weatherproofing and waterproofing are undoubted pros for a device. This not only protects the model from wet and rain but also makes it possible to search along the coastline or in small bodies of water.
However, it should be borne in mind that ground devices are not suitable for a deep dive. You will need an underwater metal detector for this purpose. It is not afraid of saltwater and has the feature to fully immerse on 60-100 ft. in the water.
Dimensions and Weight
Last but not least, pay attention to the weight of the tool when you are going to buy it. You have to carry the device and all the additional equipment for several hours. Long trips should be fun, and not turn into torment.
The device should be comfortable to hold in your hand. It is also important that it could be assembled and disassembled quickly and without any problems.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the best gold detector for a beginner?
Are cheap metal detectors any good?
Naturally, everyone wants to buy an inexpensive metal detector. However, it should be borne in mind that the lower the price of the metal detector, the less depth it can detect an object. It will have fewer functions (ground balance, pinpoint mode, etc.) and a very weak level of metal discrimination. However, after comparing metal detectors, you can find the best option and choose the device for your needs, taking into account the “price-performance” criterion.
Is it worth buying a metal detector?
It’s worth it if you don’t have a place to borrow or rent it. It would only be wiser to buy a simple device to start with, for example, Garrett ACE 300 or Fisher F22. They are very good for beginners – easy to use, and they are inexpensive.
What should I look for when buying a metal detector?
When choosing a metal detector, pay attention to the following characteristics:
- Manufacturer. Do not buy dubious Chinese fakes. They may be useless in action.
- The presence of audio output. Ideally, there should be a function to connect a wireless headset.
- Power type. It can be an accumulator or replaceable batteries.
- Type of coil. The more powerful it is, the higher the probability of finding a treasure.
- Working frequency. The wider it is, the better.
- Product weight. Heavy metal detectors will create discomfort during prolonged use.
- Cost. The first metal detector should not be too expensive. With experience, you can buy a more professional model.
What type of metal detector should I buy?
- To search for coins exclusively in the ground, you will need a ground metal detector with automatic ground balancing and a built-in discriminator.
- If there are small ponds in your area and the law allows you to search in them, then a ground metal detector with a water-proof coil is suitable for you.
- If you often go on vacation at sea and love deep-sea diving, then you will need an underwater metal detector.
There are two proven ways to choose a detector for a beginner so that the acquisition has not become a dead weight, but would contribute to the development of an interesting hobby and maybe would make a profit.
- To buy an inexpensive, well-advertised detector, that has positive reviews among specialists. They are easy to manage and do not require special skills. After you have studied the tool from A to Z, and know its pros and cons, you can sell it and buy a more advanced model. Do the same again and again, until you become an owner of a professional high-class metal detector. Then the search turns from a hobby into a goal of life.
- To buy an expensive smart metal detector immediately. It will be necessary to study the intricacies of working with a complicated device as it is used. This option takes a decent initial investment, but later it becomes more profitable from an economic point of view, although it requires a lot of patience and perseverance.
Even the most advanced tool does not guarantee you luck in a search. The device is not just a magnet for jewelry. The main factor of success is to choose the right place. You should decide what you are going to look for.
For the coins, you should go to the park or on the beach. But for relics and artifacts, it will be better to search in the ancient places of people’s living. The old cartography could be useful in that case.
You should also remember that any tool requires skillful exploitation. Even the most advanced metal detector will be useless if you don’t know how to use its features in a search.